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NSDAP Rise to Power
German 1923 Inflation
German Elections
Winterhilfswerk
Greater German Reich
Berlin Olympics 1936
Munich Conference
Fall of France
Battle of Britain
Battle for the North Atlantic
Occupation of Europe
War in North Africa
Russian Front
Stalingrad
America at War
German Home Front
Allied Air Campaign
Liberation of Europe
Fall of Berlin
Holocaust
Nuremberg War Trials

 

 

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Selected Exhibits > NSDAP Rise to Power

   Exhibits
   Selected Exhibits
   1. NSDAP Rise to Power
   2. Berlin Olympics 1936
   3. Hitler Youth
   4. Winterhilfswerk
   5. Battle of Britain
   6. German Home Front
   7. America at War
   8. Russian Front
   9. Holocaust
   10. Liberation of Europe

The Historical Trust has a collection of artifacts documenting the turbulent times and issues of the 1920's and 1930's in Germany. The collection documents the economic and political crisis that gripped Germany and the World.

Hitler joined the The German Workers' Party in Munich, September 1919 as the 55th member. In 1921 he demanded to be head of the party and it was put to a vote by its membership. Hitler received 543 votes for and only one against. At the next gathering on July 29, 1921, Adolf Hitler was introduced as Führer (leader) of the National Socialist Party, marking the first time this title was publicly used. Hitler changed the name of the party to the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP).


LOS ANGELES EVENING HERALD (CA) DATED FEBUARY 26, 1924. First hand report on Hitler and General Ludendorf's trail for treason for leading the Beer Hall revolt in Munich that failed to overthrow the German Government. Ludendorf and Hitler were arrested, went on trial, and Hitler went to prison where he wrote his infamous book "Mein Kampf." His 5 year prison sentence was reduced to 6 months.
During the trial...
Hitler took the witness stand in his own defense this afternoon and delivered a bitter tirade against Socialists and Jews.
Hitler's voice rose to a shout, "Germany," he cried "will be saved the day the last Marxist (Socialist) is either converted or destroyed."
"I am absolutely anti-Semitic. I am a fanatical nationalist, Germany's future lies in the destruction of Marxism (Socialism)."

1933 MEIN KAMPF ADVERTISING POSTER. Original poster advertising Mein Kampf, "My Struggle." The book was being advertised by Franz Eher Verlag, the official publishers, in Munich for 2 marks 85. The book did not sell well until Hitler became Chancellor.  MEIN KAMPF MAGAZINE. Mein Kampf was originally published in 1925. In 1939 it was published in England as a weekly series of 18 magazines in English. Other publications advertised are , "I was Hitler's Maid" and "Hitler's Spy Ring by E.7".


ELECTION BALLOTS. After the failed Putsch, Hitler chose to use democratic means to achieve his goals. The Historical Trust has a series of election ballots from the Hessen - Nassau region. The political parties were listed in order by the number of representatives in the Reichstag. The National Socialist were number 10 out of 26 parties in this ballot from the late 1920's. The ballets show the rise of the NSDAP to absolute power. Under the National Socialist name on this ballot is "Hitler's Bewegung" (Hitler's Movement).
1. Social Democractic Party (SPD) - Oldest political party supported by blue-collar trade union workers. Its Marxist ideology alarmed the middle class and business owners.
2. German National Peoples Party - Largely supported by landowners and wealthy industrialists it favored a monarchist platform
3. Centrum - Roman Catholic Party
4. German Peoples Party - Liberal-nationalist party representing the interests of the German industrialists
5. Communist Party - Marxist and Socialist
10. National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP) - Hitler's Movement

HITLER POLITICAL POSTER. This is the most well known poster of the Third Reich. Hitler in classic pose with the slogan,

"One People, One Nation, One Leader".
1934 "REICHSKANZLER ADOLF HITLER" POSTCARD. Hitler saluting as the Brown Shirts parade at the Nuremberg Party Rally. SA leader Ernst Rohm, standing in the background, wanted to create a peoples army with the SA replacing the Wehrmacht. In exchange for the military's support Rohm was shot in June 1934 in the "Night of Long Knives" purge of the SA by Hitler.


NATIONAL SOCIALIST PINS.

(From left to right)
  • NSDAP 1st pattern eagle gold stickpin
  • NSDAP Supporter Swastika Stickpin with blue enameled swastika
  • Hitler Youth pin with their motto "Blood and Honor"
  • NSDAP Membership Pin
  • NSDAP 1st pattern eagle silver stickpin
  • Hitler election JA stickpin worn by supporters


NSDAP PAPER PARADE FLAGS. Printed swastika flags on short wooden sticks. These are the ones you see in pictures waved by cheering Germans as Hitler and his troops march past.   NSDAP PARADE FLAGS & CHILDREN PHOTOGRAPH. Young girl with her paper parade flags and her baby brother in their backyard after a party rally.


  1938 ACME NEWS PHOTOGRAPH OF ADOLF HITLER HERMAN GOERING AND JOSEPH GOEBBELS RETURNING TO BERLIN AFTER THE INFAMOUS MUNICH CONFERENCE OF 1938. (American News Media)

"ROSES HANDED - NOT TOSSED - TO HITLER, Berlin Germany. Adolf Hitler, whose face was painfully scratched when a bouquet of roses was tossed into his car when he entered the Sudetenland, receives a bouquet of roses from two little children from the Sudetenland as he arrives at the Anhalter Railway Station in Berlin after his triumph at the Four-Power Conference in Munich. Behind Hitler is Field Marshall Hermann Goering (Holding Baton) and Propaganda Minister Goebbels. Members of the "Free Corps" formed by Konrad Henlein can be seen in line. Nearly a million persons jammed the streets around the station to welcome Hitler home from his triumph. Credit line (Acme) 10/9/38 Burs."

Press Release is from the collection of noted aviation collector and historian Bob Steele, who was a WWII USMC combat photographer and after the war became a free lance news photographer in the LA area working primarily for the LA Herald Examiner and the Daily News.

"HITLER ESCAPES EXPLOSION IN A BEER CELLAR " DAILY EXPRESS DATED NOVEMBER 9, 1939. (War had just began 3 months earlier on September 3, 1939.) Headlines '6 Dead, 60 Hurt: Reported Attempt With Time Bomb' '27 minutes after his fanatical speech' 'They're still at sixes and sevens Holland Fears That Attack Is Now Imminent' 'We Will Never Capitulate'

George Elser, a disgruntled Swiss carpenter, came very close to killing Hitler. He was upset with the restrictions placed on German labor.
He knew that Hitler would be speaking at the Burgerbraukeller Beer Hall in Munich to commemorate where the failed 1924 Beer Hall Putsch began. He got a job at the hall and planted a time bomb in hollowed out areas in the rafters. Normally Hitler would speak for hours but this time he cut his speech short and had already left the hall minutes before the bomb exploded. Hitler would have been killed had he continued his speech.

Elser was convicted and sent to Dachau. Hitler was convinced that the British were behind this so Elser was to be executed with his British friends after England was defeated. Elser was shot by the SS just before the end of the war at Dachau.


This 'between the wars era' is illustrated through the use of items that provide a visual documentation and personal explanation. History is explained by the artifacts.

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