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NSDAP Rise to Power
German 1923 Inflation
German Elections
Winterhilfswerk
Greater German Reich
Berlin Olympics 1936
Munich Conference
Fall of France
Battle of Britain
Battle for the North Atlantic
Occupation of Europe
War in North Africa
Russian Front
Stalingrad
America at War
German Home Front
Allied Air Campaign
Liberation of Europe
Fall of Berlin
Holocaust
Nuremberg War Trials
 

 

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Selected Exhibits > America at War

   Exhibits
   Selected Exhibits
   1. NSDAP Rise to Power
   2. Berlin Olympics 1936
   3. Hitler Youth
   4. Winterhilfswerk
   5. Battle of Britain
   6. German Home Front
   7. America at War
   8. Russian Front
   9. Holocaust
   10. Liberation of Europe


The time between the World Wars saw a resurgence in non-interventionism in the United States. After the war broke out in Europe on September 1, 1939, such prominent Americans as Charles Lindbergh advocated U.S. neutrality. Groups like the America First Committee tapped into the overwhelming desire of the American people to remain out of this second European war, attracting hundreds of thousands into its ranks. The committee came under increasing attacks by newspaper editors of the day, many of whom supported stronger intervention in the European war.


1939 "KEEP US OUT OF WAR" AMERICA FIRST PIN. 1930's "EMBARGO NAZI TRADE - JEWISH PEOPLE'S COMMITTEE" PIN. The Jewish People's Committee was a communist organization based in New York City. This group staged protests against a Catholic Priest, Father Coughlin, who broadcast openly anti-Semitic sentiments on the radio in the late 1930's. It also protested American policy of restricting immigration from Eastern Europe.

1938 U.S. COMMUNIST PARTY "MAY-DAY AGAINST WAR & FASCISM" PIN. During the "Popular Front" period of the Communist Party in the mid-1930s, American Communists retreated from a platform of social revolution and threw their energy towards building alliances with liberal, progressive, democratic forces to support the overthrow fascism and promote progressive policies.

The CPUSA built a successful coalition with unions, New Deal liberals and the Roosevelt administration that brought the party into the mainstream for the first time. The American Communist slogan of this era became 'Communism is 20th Century Americanism.' Membership in the CPUSA grew from 40,000 in 1936 to about 75,000 by 1938. However, beginning the very next year with the signing of the German-Soviet Pact the American Communist Party withdrew its support for Roosevelt and the liberal coalition, membership began to fall.


World War II posters helped to mobilize a nation. They were inexpensive to produce and ever-present in everyday life. The poster made was an ideal agent for making war aims the personal mission of every citizen. Government agencies, businesses, and private organizations issued an array of poster images linking the military front with the home front.

1942 POSTER "REMEMBER DEC. 7th!".

"...we have resolved that these dead shall not have died in vain...."
1942 POSTER "SOMEONE TALKED". This poster artist was  Sieble
AMERICAN WAR BOND POSTER COMPETITION WINNER. R. Hoe & Co., Inc., won the National War Poster Competition held under auspices of artists for victory, Inc. - Council for democracy - Museum of Modern Art. 1944 POSTER "CARELESS TALK GOT THERE FIRST". Reverse side,
"...now that we are attacking, it is more important than ever to intensify the home-front fight on careless talk."
"GIVE WAR BONDS..THE PRESENT WITH A FUTURE" CHRISTMAS 1943. This poster artist was Don Snider. 1944 POSTER "LESS DANGEROUS THAN CARELESS TALK" 
"AMERICANS SUFFER WHEN CARLESS TALK KILLS!" 1943

The poster was painted by Harry Anderson and is stamped on the back "Redondo Beach (California) Public Library" with a partial date, June 20.
1942 POSTER "STRONG IS THE STRENGTH OF THE LORD".

"Strong in the strength of the Lord. We who fight in the people's cause will never stop until that cause is won."
AMERICAN POSTER "DON'T FALL FOR ENEMY PROPAGANDA". 

This poster hung in the original Brickle's Tavern which was located at the corner of 4th and Marr in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin. The tavern was opened in 1925 by John Edward "Jack" Brickle and moved out of that location in 1955, it was always a tavern full of great Irish American Patriots.

"NAMED COLLECTION". The Historical Trust is seeking contributions of personal items that tell the story of individual exploits of the participant in this great struggle.

 This Christmas Card is part of collection from Sargent Trenham Turton, 13th Armored Division, 93rd Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, Mechanized, under General Patton. His items include photographs in action, letters home to his mother from Bavaria, a picture in Hitler's home "The Berghof" in Obersalzberg, copies of the "Stars and Stripes" newspapers, his uniforms, medals, and Division remembrance book, "A History of the Black Cats from Texas to France, Germany and Austria and back to California".



AUDIE MURPHY WAS THE MOST DECORATED AMERICAN HERO DURING WORLD WAR II.

He was awarded the... Medal of Honor Distinguished Service Cross.. Silver Star with First Oak Leaf Cluster.. Legion of Merit.. Bronze Star Medal with "V" Device and First Oak Leaf Cluster.. Purple Heart with Second Oak Leaf Cluster.. U.S. Army Outstanding Civilian Service Medal.. Good Conduct Medal.. Distinguished Unit Emblem with First Oak Leaf Cluster.. European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with One Silver Star, Four Bronze Service Stars (representing nine campaigns plus Bronze Arrowhead representing assault landing at Sicily and Southern France.. American Campaign Medal.. World War II Victory Medal.. Army of Occupation Medal with Germany Clasp.. Armed Forces Reserve Medal.. Combat Infantry Badge.. Marksman Badge with Rifle Bar.. Expert Badge with Bayonet Bar.. French Fourragere in Colors of the Croix de Guerre.. French Legion of Honor.. French Croix de Guerre with Palm.. French Croix de Guerre with Silver Star.. Medal of Liberated France.. Belgian Croix de Guerre with Palm.
"TO HELL & BACK" MOVIE POSTER 1955. This was a World War II action thriller ("Just a kid too young to shave ...but old enough to win every medal his country had to give!") starring Audie Murphy. In this movie Murphy played himself and presented his "exciting true life story". Murphy went on to a long and successful career in movies, marred by his personal difficulties. He died in an airplane crash in May, 1971

Audie Murphy was credited with killing over 240 German soldiers during World War II, plus wounding and capturing many others. By the end of the war he was a legend within the 3rd Infantry Division as a result of his heroism and battlefield leadership.

Below is the an excerpt from the official U.S. Army citation for Audie Murphy's Medal of Honor:

"Second Lt. Murphy commanded Company B, which was attacked by six tanks and waves of infantry...Lt. Murphy climbed on the burning tank destroyer, which was in danger of blowing up at any moment, and employed its .50 caliber machine gun against the enemy. He was alone and exposed to German fire from three sides, but his deadly fire killed dozens of Germans and caused their infantry attack to waver. The enemy tanks, losing infantry support, began to fall back. For an hour the Germans tried every available weapon to eliminate Lt. Murphy, but he continued to hold his position and wiped out a squad which was trying to creep up unnoticed on his right flank. Germans reached as close as 10 yards, only to be mowed down by his fire."



Twelve million Americans served in World War II. The Historical Trust is seeking donations of personal items to preserve the history of the "Great Generation".

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