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NSDAP Rise to Power
German 1923 Inflation
German Elections
Winterhilfswerk
Greater German Reich
Berlin Olympics 1936
Munich Conference
Fall of France
Battle of Britain
Battle for the North Atlantic
Occupation of Europe
War in North Africa
Russian Front
Stalingrad
America at War
German Home Front
Allied Air Campaign
Liberation of Europe
Fall of Berlin
Holocaust
Nuremberg War Trials

 

 

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Selected Exhibits > Russian Front

   Exhibits
   Selected Exhibits
   1. NSDAP Rise to Power
   2. Berlin Olympics 1936
   3. Hitler Youth
   4. Winterhilfswerk
   5. Battle of Britain
   6. German Home Front
   7. America at War
   8. Russian Front
   9. Holocaust
   10. Liberation of Europe

Hitler ordered Operation Barbarossa to commence at 04:45 on 22 June 1941, as three million German soldiers were unleashed on the Soviet Union. The Russian front became one of the costliest and most brutal struggles in the history of warfare. The Axis suffered an estimated five million deaths and the Soviet military lost about eleven million men, including the three million Soviets that died in German captivity, and there were an estimated fifteen million civilian deaths.

GERMAN POSTER OF A PANZER TANK. The Historical Trust has several poster in this series of 52 posters printed circa 1942. Each poster is titled "Das Heer im Grossdeutschen Freiheitskampf" or "The Army in Greater Germany's Freedom Struggle". Under that, each poster is subtitled.

This subtitle reads "Vorwärts durch Schlamm und Morass" or "Forwards through Mud and Morass".

German propaganda portrayed the Wehrmacht as being heavily motorized where in fact only forty percent of all units were motorized, baggage trains often relied on horses and most soldiers went by foot or bicycle.

The Historical Trust has a large collection of photographs taken by soldiers as they recorded the first hand experiences of life and death. Many of these are from personal photograph albums.

GERMAN WEHRMACHT TROOPS MARCHING EASTWARD DESTROYED RUSSIAN T-34 TANK. Germans are siphoning gas from the destroyed Russian tank.
GERMAN SOLDIERS FIGHTING AT BURNING RUSSIAN VILLAGE RUSSIAN PRISONERS IN 1941 MINSK RUSSIA. Series of 6 photographs taken by a German soldier.
HITLER VISITING HIS GENERALS SOMEWHERE ON THE RUSSIAN FRONT RUSSIANS SURRENDERING WITH BURNING TANK BEHIND THEM

The Ukraine was a rich bread basket that Germany sought as part of its Lebensraumm (Living Space) policy. Most of the fighting on the Russian front occurred in the Ukraine. Total civilian losses during the war and the German occupation in the Ukraine are estimated between five and eight million, including over half a million Jews killed by the Einsatzgruppen, sometimes with the help of the local population. The Germans sought to enlist Ukranian support by exploiting the former Soviet occupation and enslavement of the Ukranine.


GERMAN ANIT-SOVIET POSTER.

"THE DEFENSELESS BECOME SOVIET SLAVES"
GERMAN-UKRAINIAN POSTER. Ukranian text,

"SOVIET FREEDOM WAS LIKE THIS."

"FIRST SNOWFALL IN THE UKRAINE" GERMAN PRESS RELEASE IN DUTCH.

"Neither the muddy roads or the bad weather can stop the advance of the German troops."



GERMAN TROOPS IN THE SNOW GERMAN BLACKSMITHS ON THE RUSSIAN FRONT

GERMAN POSTER WARNING UKRAINIANS NOT TO HELP THE PARTISANS. Ukrainian text,

"Gangsters are Stalin's last option."
PATRIOTIC RUSSIAN POSTER

EXECUTION OF GERMAN OFFICERS IN KIEV, 1946 - Hung as war criminals before a huge crowd of onlookers. PARTISAN BEING INTERROGATED BY GERMAN OFFICER. In subsequent photographs the Historical Trust was unable to obtain, this partisan was shot by a firing squad.

RUSSIAN PROPAGANDA LEAFLET SHOWING FIELD MARSHAL PAULUS SURRENDERING AT STALINGRAD. This Russian leaflet shows Field Marshall Paulus (far right) surrendering and documents the German losses. "TO THE GERMAN PEOPLE!" Details the surrender of 240,000 German troops fighting at Stalingrad and calls upon the other German soldiers at the front to follow this example and surrender now so they can go home alive after the war.


A RADIO PHOTO SV962453 - WATCH CREDIT...INTERNATIONAL NEWS PHOTO. SLUG.. (GERMAN PRISONERS)

 "German War Prisoners west of Stalingrad U.S.S.R....Russia's red army continues to make spectacular gains on many fronts, especially in the Don Loop. This picture, was made on the snowcovered steppes north of Stalingrad where the snowfalls have been heavy. German war prisoners are being marched to a prison camp. 1-4-43."





The policy of "Total War" employed by both the German and Russian armies left the local populations destitute and homeless.

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